George Laylson Oliveira, Maria das Dores Oliveira, Alexandre de Barros Falcao Ferraz, Maria da Conceicao Oliveira Prado, Jose Carlos Correia Lima da Silva Filho, Joaquim S. da Costa Junior and Ana Paula dos S. C. Lima da Silva* Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )
Background: Garcinielliptone FC corresponds to a polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol having a benzophenonic core (diphenylmethanone) substituted with isoprenyl(s) group(s) (3-methyl-2-butenyl) and 2-isopropenyl-hex-5-enyl. Objective: The present work evaluated the antioxidant activity of garcinielliptone FC (GFC) in vitro against non-biological radicals [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) and 2,2'-azinobis-3- ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS•+)] and ex vivo against oxidative damage induced by AAPH (2,2'-azobis-2-methylpropionamidine dihydrochloride) and iron/citrate ion in erythrocytes and mitochondria, respectively. Methods: In addition to the protective effect, the main biochemical indexes of oxidative stress, such as lipid peroxidation through the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) activity and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Results: According to the results obtained in erythrocytes, the antioxidant results at concentrations of 0.1, 0.3, 0.7, 1.5 and 3.0 mM were 26.34 ± 0.68, 43.39 ± 2.17, 62.27 ± 2.17, 86.69 ± 0.47 and 92.89 ± 0.45%, respectively, where GFC reduced the rate of oxidative hemolysis when compared to AAPH (p<0.05). The antioxidant activity observed in erythrocytes was also seen in mitochondria in which GFC reduced mitochondrial swelling by increasing the absorbance when compared to iron/citrate ion complex (p<0.05). In both biological models, GFC had an antioxidant effect on erythrocyte and mitochondrial redox balance when analyzing oxidative stress biomarkers, such as reduction of lipid peroxidation and inhibition of depletion in the activity of SOD, CAT and GSH levels. Conclusion: In conclusion, GFC had in vitro and ex vivo antioxidant activity against oxidative damage induced in erythrocytes and mitochondria acting on the erythrocytic and mitochondrial redox balance.
Antioxidant, erythrocytes, garcinielliptone FC, mitochondria, radicals
Federal University of Piaui, Department of Pharmacy, Federal Institute of Piaui, Department of Chemistry, Lutheran University of Brazil, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Piaui, Department of Biology, Federal University of Piaui, Computer Department, Federal Institute of Piaui, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Piaui, Department of Pharmacy