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Chemical Composition and Bioactive Potential of Essential Oils from Banisteriopsis campestris

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Edmilson de O. Rocha, Roberto Chang*, Evandro A. do Nascimento, Mário M. Martins, Sérgio A.L. de Morais, Francisco José T. de Aquino, Luís C.S. Cunha, Larissa de O. Silva, Carlos H.G. Martins, Thaise L. Teixeira, Cláudio V. da Silva, Allisson B. Justino and Foued S. Espindola   Pages 1205 - 1214 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Banisteriopsis campestris is a Malpighiaceae, also known as “cipó-prata” or “murici”. There are some reports about the use of this plant in folk medicine.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to test the Essential Oils (EOs) from leaves, stems, and roots of B. campestris for antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and antiprotozoal activities and the inhibition of glycation and cytotoxicity on Vero cells.

Methods: The plant was collected and the essential oil was obtained and tested for antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and antiprotozoal activities and the inhibition of glycation and cytotoxicity on Vero cells, using the more adequate methods to achieve the objectives.

Results: The EOs inhibited the growth of aerobic and anaerobic oral bacteria. The root oil presented the highest antibacterial activity with MIC levels ranging from 12.5 to 100 μg mL-1. The three EOs showed antiprotozoal activity against Leishmania amazonensis. The stem and root EOs presented low cytotoxicity to Vero cells. The roots and stem oils showed inhibition of glycation above 50%, with stem oil with of 79.11%. The compounds identified in the leaf EOs were palmitic acid (22.98%), phytol (22.98%), and triacontane (14.88%); in the stem–palmitic (49.79%), linoleic (11.63%), oleic (4.83%), and palmitoleic (4.15%) fatty acids; in the root–palmitic acid (57.39%), linoleic (10.38%), and oleic acids (5.47%).

Conclusion: The results presented indicate that the EOs have remarkable antioxidant properties and potential antimicrobial activity and confirm the essential oils of B. campestris as an alternative source of medicinal substances.

Keywords:

Banisteriopsis campestris, essential oil, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antioxidant, glycation inhibition.

Affiliation:

Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Research in Natural Products (NuPPeN), Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38408-144, Uberlândia, Nucleus of Bioprospecting in Natural Products (NuBiProN), Department of Chemistry, Federal Institute of Triângulo Mineiro, Rua João Batista Ribeiro, 4000, 38064-790, Uberaba, Research Center in Science and Technology, Research Laboratory in Applied Microbiology (LaPeMA), University of Franca, Av. Dr. Armando Salles de Oliveira, 201, 14404-600, Franca, Research Center in Science and Technology, Research Laboratory in Applied Microbiology (LaPeMA), University of Franca, Av. Dr. Armando Salles de Oliveira, 201, 14404-600, Franca, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Trypanosomatids Laboratory, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, 1720 Block 6T Room 07 and Block 2B Room 217, 38400-902 Uberlândia, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Trypanosomatids Laboratory, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, 1720 Block 6T Room 07 and Block 2B Room 217, 38400-902 Uberlândia, Institute of Biotechnology - Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, 1720 Block 2B, Room 221, 38400-902, Uberlândia, Institute of Biotechnology - Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, 1720 Block 2B, Room 221, 38400-902, Uberlândia



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